Us Signs Peace Agreement With Taliban
This would likely mean dismantling the Taliban`s military force for the demobilization or integration of their members into the Afghan security forces, a goal that frightens O`Hanlon. After the Kabul case and the election of Pashtun tribal leader Hamid Karzai as national interim leader, the Kandahar Taliban abandoned following an offer of amnesty from Karzai. However, the United States rejected part of the amnesty that allowed the Taliban leader, Mullah Omar, to “live with dignity” in his native Kandahar.  The Taliban were not invited to the Bonn Agreement of December 2001, which led to the resurgence of the Taliban on the battlefield and the continuation of the conflict.  This is due in part to the apparent defeat of the Taliban, but also to an American condition that the Taliban not be allowed to participate. In 2003, the Taliban showed signs of a return and soon after, their insurgency was underway. UN negotiator Lakhdar Brahimi acknowledged in 2006 that “our original sin” was not to invite the Taliban to Bonn.  Insurgent attacks in the country quadrupled between 2002 and 2006.  At the end of 2007, despite the presence of 40,000 NATO-led ISAF forces, Afghanistan was “threatened” to be under Taliban control.  The Afghan peace process includes proposals and negotiations to end the ongoing war in Afghanistan.
Although sporadic efforts have been made since the war began in 2001, negotiations and the pacifist movement intensified in 2018 amid talks between the Taliban, the main insurgent group fighting the Afghan government and U.S. troops; and the United States, with thousands of troops in the country supporting the Afghan government.  In addition to the United States, regional powers such as Pakistan, China, India and Russia and NATO also play a role in facilitating the peace process.    In the weeks that followed, it was clear why. While insurgent attacks on international troops have ceased, fighting with Afghan security forces has continued. Because the agreement contains language on various measures that the Afghan government should take, its failure to participate in the talks has created an obstacle to future negotiations and has angered Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials. Specifically, in the agreement, the United States agreed that up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government as a “sign of trust” between the Taliban and the Kabul government by March 10, 2020, and the Taliban would release 1,000 prisoners they keep at the same time. However, the prisoners are held by the Afghan government, not the United States. Since the Afghan government was not part of the agreement, it does not feel obliged to release Taliban prisoners they consider terrorists. The next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government is therefore frozen.
“We believe that this is a decisive and historic first step in their public recognition, that they are severing ties with Al Qaeda,” said one official. “It will be a work in progress.” On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the “Afghanistan Peace Agreement.”  The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.  The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments.  The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020.  The Afghan peace talks have stalled, at least for now.