World Agreement On Climate Change
The United States, the world`s second-largest emitter, is the only country to withdraw from the agreement, a move by President Donald J. Trump that came into effect in November 2020. Some other countries have not officially approved the agreement: Angola, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Libya, South Sudan, Turkey and Yemen. The Paris Agreement is the culmination of decades of international efforts to combat climate change. Here`s a little story. On 23 September 2019, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres convened a climate summit to bring together world leaders, the private sector and civil society to support the multilateral process and strengthen and accelerate the fight against climate change and ambitions. He appointed Luis Alfonso de Alba, a former Mexican diplomat, as special envoy to lead the preparations. The summit focused on key areas where action can make the biggest difference: heavy industry, nature-based solutions, cities, energy, resilience and climate finance. Heads of state and government from around the world have expressed what they are doing and what they intend to do when they meet for the UN climate change conference in 2020, where commitments will be renewed and strengthened. At the end of the climate summit, the Secretary-General said: “They have stimulated momentum, cooperation and ambitions. But we still have a long way to go. Renewable energy is increasingly competitive with coal.
Between 2010 and 2019, solar energy prices fell by 90%. In sunny regions around the world, it is already cheaper to get electricity from solar energy than fossil fuels. Similarly, wind energy costs have declined significantly in recent years, and in some regions, including the United States, they are cheaper than natural gas. On 12 December 2015 the text of the Paris Agreement, a legally binding pact containing all the elements necessary to develop a comprehensive strategy to combat climate change after 2020 – the period before 2020 is part of the second phase of the Kyoto Protocol (the Doha Amendment). Some of the most important points are summarized below: “In order to significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change,” the agreement calls for the average increase in global temperature over this century to be well below 2 degrees Celsius, while continuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.